The ventricular system of the brain: a comprehensive review of its history, anatomy, histology, embryology, and surgical considerations

Introduction: The cerebral ventricles have been recognized since ancient medical history. Their true function started to be realized more than a thousand years later. Their anatomy and function are extremely important in the neurosurgical panorama.

Methods: The literature was searched for articles and textbooks of different topics related to the history, anatomy, physiology, histology, embryology and surgical considerations of the brain ventricles.

Conclusion: Herein, we summarize the literature about the cerebral ventricular system.

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